980. Miglyptes grammithorax.
The Fulvous-rumped Barred Woodpecker.
Meiglyptes tristis, apud Blyth, Cat. p. 60; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. 2, p. 294; Blyth, Birds Burnt, p. 77 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, pp. 131, 501; Hume, Cat. no. 165 ter (nec Picus tristis, Horsf.). Phaiopicus grammithorax, Malh. Picidae, ii, p. 12, pl. xlviii, figs. 4-6 (1862). Miglyptes grammithorax, Nicholson, Ibis, 1879, p. 165; Hume, S. F. viii, p. 497; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 59; Hargitt, Ibis, 1884, p. 191; id. Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 385.
Coloration. Male. Lores, anterior half of orbital region, point of chin, lower back, and rump uniform buff; a malar stripe pale crimson; remainder of the bird blackish brown barred with buff, very closely on the head and neck all round and on the breast, the barring becoming wider behind and still wider on the abdomen, but the bars are broader still on the back, scapulars, wing-coverts, tertiaries, and upper tail-coverts ; wing and tail-feathers with buff spots on both webs ; under wing-coverts and axillaries buff with a few dark brown spots.
Female. No malar stripe.
Bill black; irides deep brown or dull red ; edge of eyelids black; legs and feet dirty green (Davison).
Length 7 ; tail 2 ; wing 3.9 ; tarsus .8; bill from gape .9.
Distribution. The Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo, extending north into Tenasserim as far as the base of Nwalabo mountain, near Tavoy.
Habits, &c. As described by Davison, this species is usually found in dense tree-jungle, and generally in pairs ; it is never seen on the ground, but always on trunks and branches of trees. The note of all three species of Miglyptes is similar, a rolling kirr-r-r.
The true M. tristis is confined to Java and has the middle of the breast and abdomen black without bars. Specimens of M. grammithorax from Nwalabo, Tenasserim, have the breast and abdomen brown, almost without bars, but not black.