1021. Xantholaema rubricapilla.
The Small Ceylon Barbet.
Bucco rubricapillus, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i, p. 408 (1788). Megalaima rubricapilla, Blyth, Cat. p. 68; Layard, A. M. N. H. (2) xiii, p. 448. Xanthelasma rubricapilla, Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 646; Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 297; Marshall, Mon. Cap. p. 109, pl. 44; Holdsworth, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 430; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 371 ; id. Cat. no. 198 bis; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 215, pl. xi; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 333; Shelley, Cat. B. M. xix, p. 93.
Coloration. Plumes associated with rictal bristles, a band above and one below the eye, chin, and throat golden yellow; a narrow black frontal band; no red spot at the base of the lower mandible on each side ; a small crimson patch on the fore neck : otherwise similar to X. malabarica.
Length about 6; tail 1.4; wing 3.1; tarsus .75; bill from gape .85.
Distribution. Peculiar to the island of Ceylon; found in the low country and up to about 2500 feet elevation.
Habits, &c. Similar to those of X haematocephala, but the voice is more subdued. The breeding-season is from March till June; the eggs glossy white, measuring about .9 by .65.