1009. Thereiceryx lineatus.
The Lineated Barbet.
Capito lineatus, Vieill. Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat. iv, p. 500 (1816). Megalaima lineata, Blyth, Cat. p. 66; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 636 ; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 309. Megalaima hodgsoni, Bonap. Consp. Av. i, p. 144 (1850). Megalaima macclellandi, Moore, Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 637. Megalaema hodgsoni, Blyth, Ibis, 1866, p. 358; Walden, P. Z. S. 1866, p. 540; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. 2, p. 22; Marshall, Mon. Cap. p. 85, pl. 36; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 75 ; id. Cat. no. 192 ; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 73 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 151; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 583; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 251 ; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. (2) iv, p. 577; v, p. 561; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 67. Megalaema lineata, Marshall, Mon. Cap. p. 88, pl. 37. Cyanops hodgsoni, Oates, B. B. ii, p. 132. Cyanops lineata, Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 325; Shelley, Cat. B. M. xix, p. 80.
Dang kun-nyong, Lepcha; Kudurta, Khotoor, Nepal; Pho-goung, Burmese.
Naked space round eye much smaller than in T. zeylonicus and not extending to gape.
Coloration. Crown and nape brown, with rather broad white shaft-stripes; upper plumage from the neck grass-green; feathers of the upper back with narrow white shafts; lores and cheeks whitish; ear-coverts whity brown; chin and throat white; sides of neck, breast, and upper abdomen coloured like the crown, but the white shaft-stripes on the breast are much broader; lower abdomen and under tail-coverts light green, the feathers with broad whitish median stripes; quills dark brown, with pale yellow inner margins ; primaries with pale outer borders near the tips ; tail washed with light blue below.
Bill horny yellow; orbits deep yellow; irides brown; feet fleshy yellow (Scully).
Length 11; tail 3.3; wing 5.1; tarsus 1.25; bill from gape 1.7. These are the dimensions of Eastern Himalayan and Burmese birds ; Western Himalayan are larger, Malay specimens smaller.
Distribution. Throughout the Lower Himalayas as far west as the Sutlej, not ascending more than 2000 or 3000 feet, and eastward to Yunnan; also in Assam, and to the southward throughout Burma, in Siam and Cambodia, and in Java, but not in the Malay Peninsula nor in Sumatra.
The original T. lineatus is the Javan race, which is small (wing about 4.6), whilst the big West Himalayan race (wing 5.3) has been distinguished as Megalaima hodgsoni; but, as Shelley has shown, the Eastern Himalayan, Assamese, and Burmese birds are intermediate in size. The case is similar to that of T. zeylonicus and T. caniceps, the Southern race being smaller and darker, but the distinction in size between T. lineatus and T. hodgsoni is much greater.
Habits, &c. Similar to those of T. zeylonicus. The call is a monotonous dissyllabic note. The eggs, four in number, are laid in March and April, and measure about 1.27 by .87.