1016. Cyanops cyanotis.
The Blue-eared Barbet.
Bucco cyanotis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xvi, p. 465 (1847). Megalaema cyanotis, Marshall, Mon. Cap. p. 77, pl. 33. fig. 3; Blyth Wald. Birds Burm. p. 74; Inglis, S. F. v, p. 27; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, pp. 155, 502; Hume, Cat. no. 198 ter; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 166; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 69; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) v, p. 564; vii, p. 378. Cyanops cyanotis, Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. 2, p. 98; Jerdon, Ibis, 1872, p. 11. Xantholaema cyanotis, Hume, S. F. iii, p. 77; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 137. Mesobucco cyanotis, Shelley, Cat. B. M. xix, p. 87; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 328.
Size small, rictal bristles extending beyond end of bill.
Coloration. Feathers above nostrils white at base, those of lores and forehead black, all fringed with pale blue; sinciput black : occiput cobalt-blue; ear-coverts, chin, and throat light verditer-blue, area below eye bright red, the feathers white at the base ; a crimson patch above and another below the ear-coverts ; a black malar stripe ; remainder of upper and lower plumage bright grass-green except the bend of the wing, which is more or less blue, and the quills, which are blackish brown with whitish inner margins ; the tail-feathers are sometimes bluish green above with brighter edges, and always washed with verditer below.
Young birds are green throughout. In nearly adult specimens the black sincipital feathers are tipped with blue.
Bill black; base of lower mandible slightly tinged reddish horny; irides very dark brown ; legs and feet dirty green; claws bluish black (Davison).
Length about 6.5; tail 2.2; wing 3.25 ; tarsus .8; bill from gape 1. Tenasserim birds are a little smaller.
Distribution. Eastern Himalayas (Sikhim), Assam, and hills to the south, and throughout Burma. An allied but distinct species, C. duvauceli, inhabits the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo.
Habits, &c. This is chiefly a bird of dense evergreen hill forest, and is usually seen on high trees. The note is peculiar, of two syllables, harsh and metallic. The eggs have been found in Tenasserim by Major Bingham in February and by Mr. Darling in April, two or three in number, white, and measuring about .93 by .67.
In size, Coloration. and long rictal bristles this species approaches Xantholaema, but it has a rounded wing.