659. Ceryle lugubris

659. Himalayan Pied Kingfisher.
CERYLE LUGUBRIS.
Ceryle lugubris (Temm.), Pl. Col. 548 (1834) ; Sharpe, Monogr. Alced. p. 49 ; id. Cat. B. Br. Mus. xvii. p. 115 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 121 ; Bianchi and Berez. Ptitz. Gan-su, p. 46 ; C. guttata (Vigors), P.Z.S. 1830, p. 22 (nec. Bodd) ; Gould, Cent. Himal. B. pl. 5 ; Sharpe, Monogr. Alced. p. 57, pl. 18 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 174.
Mashi-bagh, Hindu. ; Jel. butara, Chamba ; Ung-ka-zhu, Lepch. ; Kawa-cho, Jap.
Male ad. (Japan). Head to below the eyes with crest black, spotted and marked with white ; a broad collar ; cheeks and under parts white ; upper parts, wings, and tail black, or greyish black, barred and spotted with white ; a stripe down the sides of the throat and a broad gorget of black spots, tinged on the wider portions with rufescent brown ; flanks and under tail-coverts barred or spotted with blackish ; bill black, greenish at the base ; legs olive-green ; iris dark brown. Culmen 2.8, wing 7.4, tail 4.2, tarsus 0.5 inch. The female lacks the rufous on the throat or gorget, and has rufescent brown under wing-coverts and axillaries.
Hab. The Himalayas west to Kashmir to an elevation of 7000 feet, also in the hills south of Assam and those of Tenasserim, but not recorded from the intervening country ; South-east Kan-su ; Central China ; Japan, resident in the southern islands, but a partial migrant in Yesso.
Extremely shy and wild, it is difficult of approach, and is usually seen in pairs. It sits on a bush or bough overhanging the water in shady places, watching for fish on which it feeds entirely. It has two notes, one like the other Kingfishers’, but less quickly repeated, the other a guttural croak which serves as a call-note. It breeds from April to June, excavating a nest-chamber at the end of a hole about 2 feet long, and deposits 3 to 4 roundish glossy white eggs of great size.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
659. Ceryle lugubris
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
659
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
460
Common name: 
Himalayan Pied Kingfisher
M_ID: 
9373
M_CN: 
Crested Kingfisher
M_SN: 
Megaceryle lugubris
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10351

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