1312. Macropygia tusalia.
The Bar-tailed Cuckoo-Dove.
Coccyzura tusalia, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. xii, p. 937 (1843). Macropygia tusalia, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 936; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 473; Codw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. 2, p. 112; Hume, N. & E. p. 500; Wald. in Blyth's Birds Burm. p. 146; Wardl. Bams. Ibis, 1877, p. 468; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p.410; Hume, Cat. no. 791 ; id. S. F. xi, p. 297; Wardl. Bams. Ibis, 1890, p. 217; Oates in Humes N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 362; Salvadori, Cat. B. M. xxi, p. 338. Macropygia leptogrammica, apud Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 869 ; id. Cat. p. 235 ; Walden, Ibis, 1875, p. 459 ; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 295 ; nec Temm.
The Bar-tailed Tree-Dove, Jerdon ; Tusal, Nipal; Ka-er, Lepch.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, lores, cheeks, chin, and throat buff, tinged with vinous ; crown, hind neck, and sides of head and neck lilac-grey, overlaid with a changeable metallic gloss, green and reddish lilac; sides of lower neck, back, rump, and upper tail-coverts, wing-coverts, tertiaries, and scapulars black barred with rufous chestnut, the upper back and sides of neck with metallic gloss; primary and secondary quills blackish brown; middle rectrices black, with narrow slightly wavy rufous bars throughout, the next pair barred on the outer webs and tips, outer rectrices slaty grey, with a black band near the end, outermost pair usually with a basal chestnut patch; breast greyish or brownish lilac, with a metallic gloss; abdomen and lower tail-coverts buff, flanks ashy.
The upper plumage of females resembles that of males, but the lower surface is buff barred with dark brown, the bars more or less obsolete on the chin, throat, middle of the abdomen, and lower tail-coverts.
In the young the head is transversely barred above, with or without indications of metallic colour, according to age; the breast with dark bars in males.
Bill blackish; iris white, surrounded by a rim of pale lilac ; orbital skin grey, with an inner rim of purple ; legs purplish pink ( Wardlaw Rumsay).
Length about 16; tail 8; wing 7.5; tarsus .85; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. Throughout the Himalayas as far west as Simla from 3000 to about 10,000 feet elevation, also in Assam and the hills to the southward, and on the hills of Karennee and Tenas- serim. ill', leptogrammica, from the Malay Peninsula, Java, and Sumatra, is scarcely distinct, but it is smaller, with broader crossbars.
Habits, &c. Those of the genus. The voice, according to Jerdon, is a deep, repeated coo. This bird breeds in the Himalayas from May to July, but a nest was found in the Karen Hills on March 18th by Wardlaw Ramsay. The eggs, two in number, are creamy white, nearly equally pointed at both ends, moderately glossy, and measure about 1.35 by .97. They are laid in a large loose platform nest of sticks on a branch at no great height from the ground.