1313. Macropygia rufipennis.
The Andaman Cuckoo-Dove.
Macropygia rufipennis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xv, p. 371 (1846); id. Cat. p. 234; Ball, S. F. i, p. 80; Walden, Ibis, 1873, p. 314; Hume, S. F. ii, p. 266; id. Cat. no. 721 bis ; Wardl. Bams. Ibis, 1890, p. 224; Salvadori, Cat. B. M. xxi, p. 344.
Coloration. Head all round chestnut, darker and with a slight lilac gloss on the crown, whitish on the chin and throat; rest of upper parts dark brown, more rufous on the edges of the wing-coverts, and on the rump, upper tail-coverts, and tail; hind neck and upper back minutely speckled and barred with black and rufous buff, and occasionally showing a slight amethystine gloss; outer tail-feathers bright rufous at base and tips, blackish between ; fore neck, sides of lower neck, breast, and abdomen light brown with wavy black cross-bars, the breast and sides of the neck often with metallic gloss ; under tail-coverts, wing-lining, and inner webs of quills, except towards the end, ferruginous red.
The female, according to Wardlaw Ramsay, resembles the male. Young birds (formerly described as adults by Hume) have the feathers of the head light chestnut with black edges, the bars on the hind neck and back are broader than in adults, the upper wing-coverts and quills are broadly edged with rufous, and the lower parts are chestnut throughout, the edges of the feathers slightly darker, but cross-bars are wanting.
Bill and legs purplish pink; iris light blue, encircled by a ring of carmine ; orbital skin leaden blue (Wardl. Ramsay).
Length about 16; tail 8; wing 7.5; tarsus .95; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands.