76. Machlolophus xanthogenys

(76) Machlolophus xanthogenys aplonotus (Blyth).
Machlolophus xanthogenys aplonotus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 92.
This form of Yellow-Tit breeds over practically the whole of the hills of Southern India South of a line drawn roughly from Abu to Chota Nagpore. West of Abu they do not occur nor do they seem to be ever found East of Pareshnath in Chota Nagpore.
They breed at all heights up to about 6,000 feet and appear to have two breeding seasons, the first April and May into June and the second September and October ; Butler also took eggs in July. The nest is quite typical and is made nearly always in holes in trees, sometimes in deserted nest-holes of Barbets and Wood¬peckers, sometimes in holes dug out by the birds. It does not seem to matter much where the tree grows ; it may be in a garden, an orchard or, as Mr. A. P. Kynloch found it, in deep forest. In this instance it was placed in a hole between boulders on a bank, a very unusual site for this bird.
The base varies more in this bird’s nests than in those of the other Tits. Although moss is the principal material employed many others are often mixed with it. In one nest, found by Butler in Belgaum, “the foundation consisted of a quantity of dry green moss. Next came a thick layer of coir, mixed with a few dry skeleton-leaves, some short ends of old rope and a scrap or two of paper and, finally, a substantial pad of blackish hair, principally human, but with cow and horse hair intermixed.”
Another nest found by him was “a simple pad of human and cow’s hair, with a few horse hairs interwoven, and one or two bits of snake skin in the lining, having a thin layer of green moss and then strips of inner bark as a foundation.”
The clutch numbers three to five, four being the number most often found. Sixty eggs average 17.9 x13.5 mm. : maxima 19.0 x 14.8 mm. ; minima. 16.0 x 13.5 and 16.2 x 13. m3m.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
76. Machlolophus xanthogenys
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Sourn Yellow Cheeked Tit
Himalayan Black-lored Tit
Machlolophus xanthogenys
Vol. 1

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