41. Machlolophus spilonotus.
The Black-spotted Yellow Tit.
Parus spilonotus, Blyth, Cat. p. 103 (1849) ; Horsf. 31. Cat. i, p. 371 ; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 26. Machlolophus spilonotus (Bl.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 281; Wald. in Bl. Birds Burm. p. 112 ; Hume Dav. S. F. vi, p. 377; Hume, Cat. no. 649; Oates, B. B. i, p. 128; Hume-, S. F. xi, p. 255; Oates in Hume's N. & F. 2nd ed. i, p. 37. Parus subviridis, Tick., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxiv, p. 267 (1855); Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 112.
Coloration. Forehead, lores, a broad supercilium, a nape-patch, sides of the head and neck bright yellow; crown, crest, a streak behind the eye, a patch on either side the nape, chin, throat, and a broad mesial band down to the vent black; the longer feathers of the crest tipped with yellow ; sides of the breast yellow ; remainder of the lower plumage olive-yellow, purer next the black band; under tail-coverts mingled grey and white; under wing-coverts and axillaries yellowish white; back and scapulars yellow, each feather laterally margined with black ; rump yellowish green; upper tail-coverts deep bluish grey ; tail black, broadly edged with bluish grey and tipped white, the outer web of the outermost feather entirely white; lesser wing-coverts black, tipped with bluish grey ; median and greater coverts and tertiaries black with broad white tips ; primaries white at base, the outer ones edged with white, the others and the secondaries edged with bluish grey and the latter narrowly tipped white.
The young at first want the black margins to the feathers of the back, and the throat, breast, and ventral band are greenish.
Legs and feet deep plumbeous blue, the claws similar; gape white.; bill black; iris deep brown (Hume & Davison).
Length about 5.5 ; tail 2.3 ; wing 3.1; tarsus .8 ; bill from gape .5.
Distribution. Nepal, Sikhim, and Assam at elevations of from 3000 feet to 6000 ft. or more. Also the Khasi Hills, Manipur, Karennee, and Muleyit Mountain in Tenasserim.
Habits, &c: Mandelli found the nest at Lebong in Sikhim on the 15th June in a hole in a dead tree close to the ground. The nest was composed of fur, fern-stems, and moss, and contained three eggs, one of which only appears to have been preserved. It was white, marked, spotted, and speckled with pale reddish brown and with underlying spots of pale purple, and measured .78 by .55.