(58) Parus nuchalis.
THE WHITE-WINGED BLACK-TIT.
Pants nuchalis Jerdon, Madr. Journ., xiii, p. 131 (1844) (Eastern Ghats); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 49.
Vernacular names. Nalla patsa jitta (Tel.).
Description. The whole upper plumage, wing-coverts, lores, sides of the crown, chin, throat, centre of the breast and a broad ventral band black; a large nape-patch, the cheeks, ear-coverts and those parts of the plumage not already mentioned white; the under tail-coverts streaked with black; quills with the outer webs white at base and a partial narrow edging of white elsewhere; the later secondaries broadly edged white and the innermost one or two wholly white. The two outer tail-feathers white, the next with the outer web white, the inner web black with a white tip, the other feathers black with white tips. The amount of white on the tail varies considerably in different individuals.
Colours of soft parts. Iris dark brown; bill black; legs and feet slaty-plumbeous (Butler).
Measurements. Total length about 140 mm.; wing 61 to 71 mm.; tail 51 to 57 mm.; tarsus about 18 mm.; culmen about 10 mm.
Distribution. From the country round the Sambhar Lake through Ajmere to Deesa and on to Cutch ; Jerdon first obtdned it on the Eastern Ghats west of Nellore and Dr. Stewart obtained it at Bangalore. The specimen in the British Museum from the Gadow collection is labelled Bhutan, but this assuredly is a mistake.
Nidification. Nothing on record.
Habits. Apparently a resident bird wherever found, but very little is known about it. Jerdon records it as keeping to the tops of heavily wooded hills on the Eastern Ghats.