33. Parus nuchalis.
The White-winged Black Tit.
Parus nuchalis, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. xiii, p. 131 (1844) ; id. Ill. Ind. Orn. pl. 46 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 279; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 245; Adam, S. F. i, p. 385; Butler Hume, S. F. iii, p. 492; Butler, S. F. v, p. 221; Hume, Cat. no. 646; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 38 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 248.
Nalla patsa jitta, Tel.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage, wing-coverts, lores, sides of the crown, chin, throat, centre of breast, and a broad ventral band black ; a large nape-patch, the cheeks, ear-coverts, and those parts of the lower plumage not already mentioned white; the under tail-coverts streaked with black; quills with the outer webs white at base and a partial narrow edging of white elsewhere; the later secondaries broadly edged with white, and the last tertiary or two entirely white; the two outer tail-feathers white, the next with the outer web white, the inner web black with a white tip, the other feathers black with white tips. The amount of white on the tail is liable to variation.
Iris dark brown; bill black; legs and feet slaty-plumbeous (Butler).
Length about 5.5; tail 2.1; wing 2.6; tarsus .7; bill from gape .45.
Distribution. From the country round the Sambhar Lake through Ajmere to Deesa and on to Cutch. Jerdon, however, procured it in quite another part of India, namely the Eastern Ghats west of Nellore, and he states that Dr. Stewart obtained it near Bangalore. I have not been able to examine any specimen from these southern localities. The southern birds may probably, as Hume opines, prove to be distinct from the northern. As at present known the distribution of this bird is most extraordinary. A specimen in the British Museum is marked Bhutan!