43. Machlolophus haplonotus.
The Southern Yellow Tit.
Parus aplonotus, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xvi, p. 444 (1847); Gadow, Cat. B. AT. viii, p. 25. Parus jerdoni, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxv, p. 445 (1858). Machlolophus jerdoni (Bl.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 280; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 492. Machlolophus aplonotus (Bl.), Hume, S. F. vii, p. 405; id. Cat. no. 648; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 249; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 39.
Coloration. Resembles M. xanthogenys. Differs in being larger in all its dimensions ; in having the wing-coverts tipped with white instead of yellow ; and in having the green and yellow portions of the plumage dull instead of bright. The second character is the most trustworthy. In addition to the above there is another character which is more or less constant: in M. haplonotus the eyebrow extends over the ear-coverts only, and not over the eye.
The young have the throat, breast, and ventral band greenish brown, and the crown of the same colour as the back with brown shaft-streaks.
Iris deep brown; legs and feet bluish lead-colour; bill black (Butler).
Length about 6 ; tail 2.4 ; wing 3 ; tarsus .75 ; bill from gape .6.
Distribution. Throughout the peninsula of India south of a line drawn from Abu to Pareshnath in Behar, up to elevations of 6000 feet or so. The species does not appear to be found west of Abu nor east of Pareshnath.
Habits, &c. Breeds from May to September, making a small nest of moss and hair in holes of trees and laying five eggs, which are white spotted all over with red; the dimensions of the eggs are not recorded.
* PARUS GRIFFITHII, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xvi, p. 445, described from a drawing, has never yet been identified. Its origin is so obscure and its existence so doubtful that it may well be omitted from this work. Its description is reproduced in ' Stray Feathers,' vol. vii, p. 445.