Gallinago gallinula, Lin.
872. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. 11, p. 676; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 15 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 428 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 241; Game Birds of India, Vol. III, p. 373 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 133.
THE JACK SNIPE.
Length, 7.75 to 9.0; expanse, 13.25 to 14.89; wing, 4.1 to 4.67; tail, 1.87 to 2.5 ; tarsus, 0.89 to 0.95 ; bill from gape, 1.5 to 1.7 ; bill from front, 1.54 to 1.74; weight, 1.53 oz. to 2.48 oz.
Bill blackish-brown at tip, paling towards base; irides deep brown; legs and feet pale-greenish.
Crown divided by a black band slightly edged with reddish-brown, extending from the forehead to the nape ; beneath this and parallel to it are two streaks of yellowish-white, separated by another of black ; a dusky line between the gape and the eye ; back and scapulars, black, glossed with green, and with purple reflections; the scapulars with the outer webs creamy-yellow, forming two conspicuous longitudinal bands extending from the shoulder to the tail; quills dusky; wing-coverts black, edged with pale brown and white; throat white; neck in front and upper breast pale yellow-brown tinged with ashy, and with dark longitudinal spots ; lower breast and belly pure white ; tail dusky, edged with pale ferruginous.
The Jack Snipe is generally distributed throughout the region during the cold weather. It is, however, much less common than either of the other two, arriving later, and departing earlier than they do. It is much addicted to remaining in one spot, generally a corner, and if often disturbed or even shot at, returns to the same spot. In some seasons considerable numbers are met with ; at others they occur more rarely.