90. Hodgsonius phoenicuroides

90. HODGSON’S SHORTWING.
HODGSONIUS PHOENICUROIDES.
Hodgsonius phoenicuroides (Hodgs.), in Gray’s Zool. Misc. p. 83 (1844) ; Hume and Henderson Lah. to Yark., i. p. 187 pl. vi. ; Sharpe Cat. B. Br. Mus. vii. p. 81 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 190.
Male ad. (Himalayas). General plumage slaty blue ; quills blackish washed with slaty blue on the outer webs, the tips of the wing white ; tail chestnut at the base and blackish on the terminal portion ; abdomen white ; under tail-coverts slaty blue tipped with white ; bill dusky, reddish at the base ; gape yellow ; legs pale reddish brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.7, wing 2.8, tail 3.15. tarsus 1.15 inch. The female has the tipper parts oliveaceous brown, the margins of the quills rufous ; tail rufous brown, deeper on the basal portion ; under parts ochreous grey, the abdomen dull white, the under tail-coverts dark ochreous, with the centres and tips pale ochreous. The young bird resembles the female.
Hab. The Himalayas from Gulmurg and Sonamurg in Kashmir to Bhutan, eastward to Kansu and Moupin in China.
Inhabits the mountains at considerable altitudes, wintering at the foot of the hills and frequents thick underwood in the mountain gorges and at the edge of the forest. The alarm note of the male resembles the syllables tryck, tryck. The male resembles the Robin in its habits, hops about with its tail over its back, and is very pugnacious to other birds trespassing in its vicinity. The nest is placed in a low bush usually about a foot or eighteen inches from the ground, and is a thick deep cup made of rough grass lined with a few dead leaves, some fine grass, grass-roots and a few feathers. The eggs 3 in number are deposited in June and are uniform deep dark blue in colour, and measure about 0.89 by 0.63, but are somewhat variable in size.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
90. Hodgsonius phoenicuroides
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
90
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
59
Common name: 
Hodgson’s Shortwing
M_ID: 
28148
M_CN: 
White-bellied Redstart
M_SN: 
Luscinia phoenicuroides
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10369

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