649. Daulias golzi.
The Persian Nightingale.
Luscinia golzii, Cabanis, Journ, fur Orn. 1873, p. 79. Luscinia hafizi, Severtz. Turkest. Jevotn. p. 120 (1873). Daulias golzii (Cab.), Hume, S. F. iv, p. 500; id. Cat. no. 514 ter. Erithacus golzii (Cab.), Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 297.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage and the margins of the wing-feathers russet-brown, brighter on the upper tail-coverts and tail; wings brown ; lores, cheeks, and the whole lower plumage pale buff.
Length 7.5 ; tail 3.4; wing 3.6; tarsus 1.1 ; bill from gape .85.
This species may be separated from D. luscinia, Linn., which occurs in England and Europe, and from D. philomela, Bechst., of Eastern Europe and South-western Asia, by its long tail and by its first primary, which is equal to the primary-coverts. In both the above species the tail is less than three inches long : in the first the first primary is considerably longer than the primary-coverts; in the second it is considerably shorter.
Distribution. Two specimens of this rare Nightingale have been procured in Oudh, one in October and the other in November. They are both in the Hume Collection. No other instance of the occurrence of this species in India has been recorded. It extends to Turkestan and to the Caucasus.