107. Daulias philomela

107. THRUSH NIGHTINGALE.
DAULIAS PHILOMELA.
Daulias philomela (Bechst.), Gemeinn. Naturg. Deutschl. iv. p. 536 (1795) ; (Naumann), ii. p. 362, Taf. 74, fig. 1 ; Dresser, ii. p. 269, pl. 56, fig. 2 ; (Seebohm), Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 295 ; Philomela turdoides. Gould B. of E. ii. pl. 117.
Rusignuolo-foresteriero, Ital. ; Sprosser, German ; Nattergal, Dan. ; Naktergal, Swed. ; Satakielinen, Finn. ; Solovey, Russ.
Male ad. (Sweden). Differs from D. luscinia in being larger, less rufous in colour, the breast marked with indistinct spots, and the first primary is very short and narrow, 0.4 inch shorter than the coverts. Culmen 0.6, wing 3.6, tail 2.8, tarsus 1.18 inch. Second quill equal to or longer than the fourth, the third longest.
Hab. Europe generally as far east as S. W. Siberia ; Asia Minor, and Turkestan ; in summer from the valley of the Rhine up to southern Sweden, and wintering in Africa. It does not occur in Norway or Great Britain.
In general habits it resembles the common Nightingale, and its song, though deeper and more powerful, is not quite so soft and sweet as that of that species. Its call note is different and resembles the syllables glock-arrr. It breeds in May or June, placing its nest, which is well concealed, on the ground or on an old stump. The nest is built of dead leaves and lined with grass-bents and line rootlets ; 4 or 5 eggs, sometimes 6, are usually deposited and are like those of D. luscinia, olive-brown or greenish olivaceous, usually unspotted, but occasionally they are marked with pale olive-brown dots chiefly round the larger end. In size they vary from 0.8 by 0.62 to 0.9 by 0.65, and are as a rule paler and more elongated than those of D. luscinia.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
107. Daulias philomela
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
107
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
72
Common name: 
Thrush Nightingale
M_ID: 
28151
M_CN: 
Thrush Nightingale
M_SN: 
Luscinia luscinia
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
11035

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