499. Loxia bifasciata

499. Two-barred Crossbill.
Loxia bifasciata (Brehm), Ornis, iii. p. 85 (1827) ; Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. iii. pl. 47 ; Newton, ii. p. 211 ; Dresser, iv. p. 141, pl. 205 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 442 ; Saunders, p. 203 ; Lilford, iv. p. 80, pl. 38 ; L. toenioptera, Gloger, Isis, 1827, p. 411 ; Naum, xiii. p. 188, Taf. 385, figs. 1, 2, 3.
Bec-croise bifascie, French ; Crociere fasciato, Ital. ; Weiss-binclige Kreuzschnabel, German ; Witbandige Kruisbek, Dutch ; Hvidvinget Korsnoeb, Dan. and Norw. ; Bandel Korsnabb, Swed. ; Kirjasiipi Kieronokka, Finn. ; Klest-balokruiloui, Russ.
Male ad. (Archangel). Differs from L. leucoptera in having the red in the plumage carmine-red, with a vermilion tinge, the scapulars dull black, much tinged with red, the tail more forked, and the bill stouter. Cul¬men 0.85, height of bill at base 0.43, wing 3.8, tail 2.75, tarsus 0.62 inch. The female resembles that of L. leucoptera, but has the bill stouter, the tail more forked, and the under parts rather fainter and less striped. Both this species and L. leucoptera vary a good deal in the depth of red in the plumage, and occasionally it is intermixed more or less with yellow.
Hab. The northern portions of Europe and Asia, in winter wandering south to Southern Germany and Italy, and in Asia to Manchuria. As a rare straggler it has been obtained in England, Scotland, and Ireland.
In habits it does not appear to differ from L. leucoptera and frequents the spruce- and larch-woods. It is tamer than the Common Crossbill and is very easy of approach. I never heard it utter any note but the low call-note not unlike that of L. curvirostra, but there is no doubt that it has a pleasant and musical song, and in Russia is kept as a cage bird for that reason. Its nest resembles that of L. curvirostra but is smaller and somewhat slighter built, and the eggs also resemble those of that species but are rather darker in ground colour.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
499. Loxia bifasciata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Two Barred Crossbill
Loxia leucoptera bifasciata
Vol. 1

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