1513. Coryllis vernalis vernalis

(1513) Coryllis vernalis vernalis (Sparrm.).
THE INDIAN LORIQUET.
Coryllis vernalis vernalis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv. p. 217.
This quaint little Loriquet occurs all along the foot-hills of the Himalayas from Sikkim to Eastern Assam and the Eastern districts of Bengal. It is also found over the whole of Burma to the extreme South and in peninsular Siam. It is very common in the Andamans.
It is a bird of open forest, both evergreen and deciduous, of secondary growth and mixed bamboo and small-tree jungle. In the breeding season it is rare in dense forest, and I have only once found it nesting in such. It occurs from the foot-hills up to 5,000 feet but, I think, is most common about 2,000 feet.
In North Cachar I took eggs from small natural holes in trees from the level of the ground up to abont 15 feet above it. As a rule the bird makes use of the hole just as it is, but occasionally enlarges the entrance and improves the shape of the inside chamber or, still more rarely, cuts out a small hole for itself.
Osmaston, who found numerous nest-holes in the Andamans, obtained many eggs from small natural holes at the bottom of Padouk-trees, both living and dead, in some cases the egg-chamber being actually below the level of the ground, Wickham says that in the Andamans they are very tame confiding little birds, breeding in the gardens, though their favourite resort is in the Teak-plantations. Here also he notes that the entrance-holes to the chambers were very low down, though many, on the other hand, were “just out of reach,”
In Assam the breeding season is from the beginning of February to the end of April, but in the Andamans Osmaston and Wickham obtained eggs from the 3rd January up to the 15th March, the latter date being exceptionally late.
They lay three or four eggs, quite typical of the family, very spherical and often stained quite a deep yellow-brown from the dead touch-wood on which they he.
Thirty eggs average 18.1 x 15.8 mm. : maxima 21.0 x 15.5 and 19.4 x 17.0 mm. ; minima 17.5 x 15.3 and 18.2 x 15.1 mm.
Both sexes incubate, the female doing most of this duty, but being assiduously fed and tended by the male all the time.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1513. Coryllis vernalis vernalis
Spp Author: 
Sparrm.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1513
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
385
Common name: 
Indian Loriquet
M_ID: 
11467
M_SN: 
Loriculus vernalis vernalis
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
14649

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith