Lophura Fleming, Philos. Zool., ii, p. 230 (1822).
Type, Phasianus ignitus Raff.
The genus Lophura contains three species of Pheasant which are in some respects rather closely allied to Gennaeus but the tail, though compressed as in that group, is rather differently shaped; the naked portion of the face is produced above the forehead and as fleshy pendant wattles below the cheeks.
The wing is like that of Gennaeus, the first primary equal to the ninth or tenth, the fifth and sixth subequal and longest; in both genera the tail is of sixteen feathers but in Gennaeus the central tail-feathers are longest, whereas in Lophura the third pair are a little longer than the central pairs; the crest is composed of feathers with bare bases to the shafts and heavily-plumed tips; the tarsi are stout with well-developed spurs on those of the male. The genus is found in the Indo-Chinese countries from Yunnan through the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo.
Key to Species.
A.Mantle deep purplish-blue. Males.
A.Upper breast black j central tail-feathers white……………… L, rufa, p. 316.
B.Upper breast grey; central tail-feathers black ……………L. diardi, p. 318.
B.Mantle chestnut. Females.
c.Wing-coverts chestnut, vermiculated with black…………….L. rufa, p. 316.
d.Wing-coverts black, with buff broken bars…………L, diardi, p. 318.