43. Lophophorus refulgens.
THE COMMON or WHITE-BACKED CRESTED
MOONAL PHEASANT. Nil-mor, Kashmir; Moonal, Himalayas; Datteya, Kumaon; Dafia, Nepal; Cham-dong, Sikkim; Nilgur, Chamba; Fo-dong (Lepcha).
Male 26" to 29"; 4 1/2 to 5 1/4 lbs. Female 24" to 26"; 4 to 5 lbs. Legs ashy green. Bill dark horny. Eye-patch cobalt.— Male: Crest of bare shafts, spade-tipped, metallic green. Head and throat metallic green. Above glossed purple and green. Lower back white. Tail cinnamon. Below black.— Female: Head and small crest of brown feathers, centred white. Chin and throat white. Crown, mantle, rump, and chest black with buff centres. Lower back irregularly barred black and buff. Tail black, barred rufous.— Young in first year resemble females, with chin, throat, and vent spotted black. Males in second year spotted all over with glossy green. Seventh quill retains brown till third year. Prom E. Afghanistan to W. Bhutan. Seldom found at a lower elevation than 10,000 feet. Four to six eggs (2.55 x 1.78), dull white, speckled brown. See illustration, p. 88.
NOTE.— Oates (p. 260) considers that this is Latham's bird, P. impeyanus. (J. 804. B. 1342. O. 54. O.G. i. 231. H. & M. i. 125.)