941. Lophophorus refulgens

941. MONAL.
Lophophorus refulgens, Temm. Pig. and Gall. ii. p. 355 (1813) ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxii. p. 278 ; Blanford, F. Brit. Ind. Birds iv. p. 96 ; L. impeyanus, Gould, Cent. Himal. B. pls. 60, 61 (1832 nee. Lath.) ; id. B. of As. vii. pl. 53 ; Elliot, Monogr. Phas. i. pl. 18.
Lont male, Ham female, Kashmir.
Male ad. (Himalaya). Head, crest of spatulate feathers, bend of wing and upper tail-coverts rich metallic green ; back and sides of neck copper bronze, becoming bronze-green on the upper back ; interscapulary region, scapulars, wing-coverts, and rump rich metallic purple, in parts glossed with blue-green ; lower back white ; quills brownish black ; tail pale rufous, becoming darker towards the end ; under parts black ; the throat and under tail-coverts glossed with golden green ; bill dark horn ; legs dull ashy green ; naked orbits blue ; iris brown. Culmen 2.0, wing 12.5, tail 9.5, tarsus 3.1 inch. The female is brown, the head and neck above and on the sides, upper back, and wing-coverts black, streaked and mottled with buff ; lower back and rump buff, barred with black, the upper tail-coverts partially tipped with white ; tail broadly barred with rufous buff ; chin and throat white ; rest of under parts blackish brown, speckled and streaked with buffy white.
Hab. The Himalaya from Afghanistan to Bhutan from 8,000 to 15,000 feet in summer and in winter as low as 4,500 feet. Inhabits the upper portions of the hill forests, and is generally seen singly or in twos or threes, the females collecting together more than the males. It feeds on insects, seeds, berries, leaves, etc., and its call is a loud plaintive whistle. Its nest is a mere depression in the ground under a bush, rock, or stone, a tuft of grass, or a tree trunk, and in May or early im June it deposits 4 to 6 eggs, which resemble those of the Turkey, being buffy white, thickly and coarsely freckled with reddish brown, and measure about 2.55 by 1.78.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
941. Lophophorus refulgens
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Himalayan Monal
Lophophorus impejanus
Vol. 2

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