68. Lophophanes dichrous diehrous

(68) Lophophanes dichrous diehrous (Blyth).
Lophophanes dichrous dichrous, Fauna B. I., 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 87.
The Brown Crested Tit is found through the Southern Himalayas from South Kashmir to Sikkim, probably breeding wherever found between 8,000 and 10,000 feet.
Osmaston is the only ornithologist who has described the breeding of this Titmouse, and I give his notes in full:—
“On May 1st I saw a strange Tit come out of a small round hole in a dead branch of a wild Cherry-tree. I shot the bird which proved to be a, Brown Crested Tit, and then investigated the hole, which was at a height of about 10 feet from the ground. On breaking off the branch, just below the hole, I discovered to my regret that the nest contained four freshly hatched young. It was placed at the bottom, of a cavity about nine inches deep, the nest cavity having been apparently excavated by the birds themselves. The nest was composed of moss below, then a quantity of fine hair (probably rat’s) above and lined with the same material with the addition of a few Monal feathers. The nest was found at about 8,000 ft.” (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. ix, p. 192, 1894).
In 1899 Osmaston succeeded in taking eggs (J. B. N. H. S. vol. xiii, p. 542, 1901):—“Onthe 14th April, 1899, while riding along the Simla Chakrata Road above Mundali, at an elevation of about 9,300 ft., I heard the characteristic call of this tit from a neighbouring tree. I dismounted and awaited possible developments. I soon saw the birds, a pair, in a wild Pear-tree (Pyrus ceria) and had not long to wait before one of them, disappeared into a small round hole in a dead brand, near the top of the tree. The branch was quite rotten so that I easily obtained access to the nest by enlarging it with my Ungers. The nest was made of moss, lined with the for of rats and flying sqirrels, and contained 5 fresh eggs.” Finally on April the 30th, 1917, Osmaston took a second nest at Deoban at about 9,000 feet and some 4 miles from Chakrata. This nest was built in an. oak-branch about 20 feet from the ground and is thus described :—“The hole, which had evidently been excavated by the parent birds, led to a small cavity about five inches deep in which was placed the nest, which was composed of moss, copiously lined with grey hair. There were five fresh eggs.”
The eggs are broad obtuse ovals, pure white rather thickly spotted with reddish, a little ; more so at the larger end than elsewhere. The nine eggs average 17.1 x 12.8 mm. : maxima 17.8 x 13.0 mm. minima 16.3 x 13.0 and 17.0 x 12.5 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
68. Lophophanes dichrous diehrous
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Brown Crested Tit
Lophophanes dichrous dichrous
Vol. 1

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