(68) Lophophanes dichrous dichrous.
THE BROWN CRESTED TIT.
Parus dichrous Hodgs., Blyth, J. A. S. B., xiii, p. 493 (1844) (Nepal). Lophophanes dichrous. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 59.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Upper plumage brownish grey; the wing-feathers very narrowly edged with hoary grey; forehead and sides of the head fulvous mottled with brown; a half collar round the hind-neck, interrupted at the nape, cream-colour; chin and throat fulvous grey; lower plumage ochraceous.
Colour of soft parts. Bill dusky bluish; feet plumbeous; iris brick-red (Jerdon).
Measurements. Length about 115 mm.; wing about 65 to 71 mm.; tail about 55 mm.; tarsus about 18 mm.; culmen about 11 mm.
Distribution. Himalayas; South Kashmir, Garhwal, Nepal and Sikkim.
Nidification. The nest of this Tit was taken by Mr. B. B. Osmaston in the Tons Valley first with the young in 1894 and finally with eggs in 1899. The nests are described as pads of moss with a lining of fur placed in small holes in pear and other trees. They were taken at an elevation between 8,000 and 10,000 feet in April and May. The eggs are described as " white, spotted and blotched fairly thickly all over with chestnut markings."" They measured .67x.51 in. (17.0x 13.0 mm.).
The nest with eggs was placed in a natural hole in a rotten branch of a pear-tree beside the Chakrata-Simla road and in 1917 a second nest with five eggs was taken near Chakrata similar to the other but lined with hair. This too contained five eggs measuring .69 x .50 in. (20.0 x 12.7 mm.).
Habits. Those of the genus.