880. Mergus cucullatus

880. Hooded Merganser.
Mergus cucullatus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 207 (1766) ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl. 386 ; (id.), B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 36 ; Wils. Am. Orn. viii. p. 79, pl. 69, fig. 1 ; Dresser, ix. p. 296, pl. 696 ; (Salvadori), Cat. 15. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 468 ; Audub. B. Am. vi. p. 402, pl. 413 ; Saunders,, p. 477 ; Lilford, vii. p. 144, pl. 61 ; Ridgway, p. 89.
Male ad. (New Brunswick). Forehead dark brown ; head with a semiĀ¬circular compressed crest, white in the middle, broadly margined with black, except behind where the margin is narrow ; upper parts brownish black, the scapulars deep black ; speculum white crossed by two black bands ; primary quills and tail brown ; upper neck black ; lower neck and under parts white ; on each side of the neck two black crescentic bands ; flanks reddish brown vermiculated with blackish, under tail-coverts greyish white freckled and vermiculated with warm brown ; bill black ; feet and legs yellowish brown ; iris yellow. Culmen 1.7, wing 7.4, tail 3.8, tarsus 1.25 inch. The female has the crest reddish brown ; rest of head, neck, and breast greyish brown, darker above ; chin, upper throat, and under parts below the breast white ; flanks brown with pale margins.
Hab. North America, north to Alaska, ranging south in winter to Mexico and Cuba ; of accidental and very rare occurrence in Greenland, a rare winter straggler to the British Islands.
In habits it resembles its congeners, but is very shy and wary, flies rapidly, and is an expert diver, subsisting chiefly on fish, It affects fresh water and only visits the sea-coasts in winter when driven by stress of weather from its usual haunts. It nests in hollow trees usually at a considerable height above the ground, and lines the cavity with dry grass, leaves, and plenty of down. The eggs, 5 to 8 in number, are usually deposited in May, and are very round, the shell being remarkably thick and smooth, in colour creamy white, and in size measuring about 2.1 by 1.76.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
880. Mergus cucullatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Hooded Merganser
Hooded Merganser
Lophodytes cucullatus
Vol. 2

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