728. Uroloncha striata.
The White-backed Munia.
Loxia striata, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 306 (1760). Munia striata (Linn.), Blyth, Cat. p. 117; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 511; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 356; .Hume, N. & E. p. 448; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 660. Amadina striata (Linn.), Hume, Cat. no. 701 ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 365; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 263. TJroloncha striata (Linn.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 359; Oates in Hume's N. Sr E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 133.
Shakari munia, Beng.; We-kurulla, Ceyl.; Tinna kuruvi, Tam.
Coloration. Forehead and crown blackish, with the shafts indistinctly white; upper plumage chocolate-brown, becoming blacker on the upper tail-coverts, all the feathers with a white shaft; a broad white band across the rump; tail black; wing-coverts black with whitish shafts ; quills black; lores, round the eye, cheeks, chin, throat, and breast deep black(; ear-coverts and sides of the neck chocolate-brown with pale shaft-streaks; abdomen and sides of the body white ; vent, thighs, and under tail-coverts dark brown or blackish; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.
Young birds resemble the adult, but have the chin, throat, and breast brown with paler margins and shafts.
Upper mandible blackish, the lower bluish; iris reddish brown ; legs greenish horny.
Length about 4.5; tail 1.8; wing 2; tarsus .5; bill from gape .4.
This bird is subject to slight variations in plumage according to age and locality.
Distribution, Ceylon and the southern half of India up to a line drawn roughly from Bombay to Sambalpur and Manbhoom in S. W. Bengal. Blyth recorded this species from Arakan, but probably by an oversight.
Habits, &c. Breeds from April to December and probably in the remaining months of the year. The eggs measure about .61 by .44.