1021. Uroloncha striata striata

(1021) Uroloncha striata striata (Linn.).
Uroloncha striata striata, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. iii, p. 83.
This White-backed Munia is very common in Ceylon at all heights up to 4,000 feet and extends over the South of India up North as far as Bombay, Sambalpur and Manbhum in Bengal and Orissa.
This is a bird of both civilization and jungle, although Miss Cock¬burn says that in the Nilgiris they “are very shy, never approaching any house.” Jerdon, on the contrary, says :—“In Malahar it is a familiar bird, being constantly seen on the road¬side, about houses and in stable-yards, and it builds in gardens and orchards.” Vidal says in the South Konkan it is “common everywhere in gardens and jungles.”
Bourdillon considers it more of a jungle than a garden bird, and says that in preference it haunts scrub jungle and scattered bush in the low country at the foot of the hills,” though it may also often be seen in the vicinity of villages. In Ceylon also Wait describes it as “more of a jungle-bird than U. punctulate.”
The nest is sometimes built in grass and reeds or sometimes in high trees, while most are placed in fairly thick bushes, often thorny ones, at any height from a few inches to five or six feet above the ground. In Ceylon Phillips found them often breeding in rubber trees about ten feet up, while Wait says that they often place their nests “in the end of low branches of trees round jungle tanks.” Like most nests of Munias, no attempt is made to conceal it and its large size cannot but make it conspicuous.
In shape it is the usual football and the birds approve both of the “Rugger” and “Soccer” shape, it being sometimes oval, at others spherical. In size it varies from about 7 by 5 or 6 by 6 inches to at least 2 inches more each way. It is made of shreds of grass and reed-blades, very coarsely and roughly put together, sometimes lined with rather finer gross and grass-stems, but often with no real hning at all. The entrance, an untidy hole between 2 and 3 inches wide, may be anywhere except at the bottom of the nest, and is very untidy, badly finished and roughly shaped.
The most popular breeding season is from June to September but eggs may really be taken almost any month of the year. From Ceylon I have eggs taken from February to September but Betham took eggs in Bombay in November. In Travancore Stewart and Bourdillon obtained eggs from May to August, but both say that odd nests with young or eggs may be found in any month.
The clutches are large and Miss Cockburn, Darling and Bourdillon all speak of clutches of eight eggs, and I have some of this number in my comparatively small series. They are quite typical Munias’ eggs.
One hundred eggs average 15.3 x 10.7 mm. : maxima 16.8 x 10.9 and 10.7 x 12.2 mm. ; minima 18.5 x 10.6 and 14.1 x 9.9 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1021. Uroloncha striata striata
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
White Backed Munia
Lonchura striata striata
Vol. 3
Term name: 

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith