(1021) Uroloncha striata striata.
The White-backed Munia.
Loxia striata Linn., Syst. Nat., 12th ed. i p. 306 (1766) (Isle of Bourbon, in errore; Ceylon). Uroloncha striata. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 185.
Vernacular names. Shakari munia (Beng.); We-kurulla (Ceylon); Tinna kuravi (Tam.),
Description, Forehead, anterior crown, face, chin, throat and breast deep velvety black; posterior crown, upper plumage and wing-coverts chocolate-brown with whitish shafts; quills and tail blackish chocolate; a broad band across the rump white; below from breast pure white; vent, thighs and under tail-coverts blackish chocolate; ear-coverts and sides of the neck chocolate-brown with buff shaft-stripes; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.
Colours of soft parts. Iris reddish brown; upper mandible almost black, the lower mandible bluish plumbeous; legs and feet greenish or plumbeous-horny.
Measurements. Total length about 115 mm.; wing 52 to 55 mm.; tail 38 to 40 mm.; tarsus 14 to 15 mm.; culmen about 10 to 11 mm.
Young birds are fulvous-brown above without any striations and below are pale fulvous with practically no indications of paler mesial streaks.
Distribution. Ceylon and India, North to Bombay, Sambalpur, Manbhum in Eastern Bengal and Orissa.
Nidification. In Ceylon Messrs. E. Wait and W. W. A. Phillips have taken or seen eggs in almost every month of the year but in Travancore the season apparently extends from June to September ; in the Bombay Presidency Davidson found eggs up to November, whilst in Western Bengal they also breed in March and April. One hundred eggs average 15.3 x 10.7 mm.: maxima 16.8 x 10.9 and 16.7 x 12.2 mm.; minima 13.5 x 10.6 and 14.1 x 9.9 mm.
Habits. Those of the genus. This is perhaps more strictly a bird of the jungle than most of the preceding birds but is not shy and is frequently also found near villages and in cultivated country.