The Andaman White-backed Munia.
Munia fumigata, Walden, A. M. N. H. (4) xii, p. 488 (1873) ; id. Ibis, 1874, pp. 144,145. Munia nonstriata, Hume, S. F. ii, p. 257 (1874). Munia striata (Linn.), Hume, S. F. ii, p. 497. Amadina fumigata (Wald.), Hume, Cat. no. 701 ter. TJroloncha fumigata ( Wald.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 361; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 135.
Coloration. Resembles U. striata. Differs in entirely wanting any white shafts on the upper plumage, in having the upper tail-feathers broadly margined with rufous-brown, and in the feathers of the sides of the breast being also margined with rufous, these margins sometimes extending across the lower breast.
Iris reddish brown ; upper mandible black, the lower leaden blue; legs and feet plumbeous green or greenish horny (Hume).
Length about 4.5; tail 1.8; wing 2; tarsus .5 bill from gape .4.
Distribution. The Andaman Islands.
Habits, &c. Davison remarks that when he arrived at the Andamans in December, the young birds of this species had left the nest. This bird probably breeds, therefore, in the latter part of the rains.