1032. Uroloncha punctulata topela

(1032) Uroloncha punctulate topela (Swinh.).
THE CHINESE SPOTTED MUTHA.
Uroloncha punctulata topela, Fauna B. I,, Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 92.
This race is only found within our limits in the Eastern Shan States, the birds from the Bhamo and Kachin Hills being typically sub-undulata. Outside our limits it is extremely common in South China to Formosa and Hainan, and it also occurs in Siam.
In its nidification it diflers in no way from the other races ; it is just the same familiar little bird and makes just the same kind of nest in the same kind of place, but it breeds often in colonies. An interesting note by Vaughan and Jones (Ibis, 1913, p. 176) is worth quoting in this connection :—“At Macao, in the Governor’s Summer garden, there are two Monkey-puzzler [sic] trees, in which large numbers of these birds breed, and where their domestic arrangements are easily watched. The nests are huge for the size of the builders, untidy, oval masses of grass and weeds, having the long axis horizontal, but lined within very carefully with fine grasses, and possessing a well-made rounded entrance-hole at one end. On one occasion two nests were found, built one on the top of the other, but quite separately, so as to form a sort of two-storied structure.
“The usual clutch in Macao is six or seven, and though eight, eleven and twelve eggs have been found, they are probably the product of two hen-birds ; they begin to build late in March, and eggs may be found in April, May and June.”
In Siam Hartert found it breeding in August and its nest has been taken by Cook in the Shan States in July and August.
Fifty eggs average 16.6 x 11.5 mm. ; maxima 18.0 x 12.1 mm. ; minima 14.8 x 11.0 and 15.3 x 10.3 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1032. Uroloncha punctulata topela
Spp Author: 
Swinh.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1032
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
29
Common name: 
Chinese Spotted Munia
M_ID: 
30128
M_SN: 
Lonchura punctulata topela
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14130

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