725. Munia malacca.
The Black-headed Munia,
Loxia malacca, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 302 (1766). Munia malacca (Linn.), Blyth, Cat. p. 116; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 507 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 352; Hume, N. & E. p. 443; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 652; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 330; Oates, in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 126. Amadina malacca (Linn.), Hume, Cat. no. 697 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 362.
Nakal-nor; Hind.; Nulla jinawayi, Tel.; We-kurulla, Ceyl.; Tinna kuruvi, Tam.
Coloration. The whole head, neck, and upper breast, the middle of the abdomen, vent, thighs, and under tail-coverts deep black; remainder of lower plumage white; back, upper rump, scapulars, and the whole of the wings chestnut; lower rump and upper tail-coverts glistening maroon ; tail dull chestnut, edged with glistening maroon.
The young bird has the whole upper plumage, wings, and tail rufous-brown; the whole lower plumage pale buff.
Bill pale lavender; legs and feet leaden blue ; iris dark brown (Butler).
Length about 5; tail 1.6 ; wing 2.2 ; tarsus .6 ; bill from gape .45.
Distribution. Ceylon and the southern half of India up to about the latitude of Bhandara and Raipur in the Central Provinces.
Jerdon states that this species occasionally extends to Bengal, but I have not seen any specimen from that province.
Habits, &c. Breeds from April to October. The eggs measure about .64 by .47.