726. Munia atricapilla.
The Chestnut-bellied Munia.
Loxia atricapilla, Vieill. Ois. Chant, p. 84, pl. 53 (1805). Munia rubroniger, Hodgs. As. Res, xix, p. 153 (1836); Blyth, Cat. p. 116; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 507; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 353; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 652. Munia atricapilla (Vieill.), Hume, N. & E. p. 444; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Ares, p. 598; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 334; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 129. Amadina rubronigra (Hodgs.), Hume, Cat. no. 698; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 262 ; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 272. Amadina atricapilla ( Vieill.), Oates B. B. i, p. 306.
Coloration. The whole head, neck, and upper breast deep black; middle of the abdomen, vent, thighs, and under tail-coverts dull black; remainder of the lower plumage, the back, scapulars, upper rump, and the whole of the wings chestnut; lower rump and upper tail-coverts rich maroon, the latter tipped with glistening golden fulvous; tail brown, margined with glistening golden fulvous.
Towards the southern part of its range this species has the back washed with silvery grey.
The young bird is plain rufous-brown above and pale buff below.
Bill leaden blue; iris dark brown ; legs dark plumbeous. Length about 4.5; tail 1.5; wing 2.1; tarsus .55; bill from gape .45.
Distribution. The country skirting the base of the Himalayas from the Dehra Dun to the extreme east of Assam; Lower Bengal; Chutia Nagpur and Sambalpur in the Central Provinces ; the whole eastern portion of the Empire from Assam down to Tenasserim. This species has been recorded from Ceylon, but it is probable that the specimens observed there had escaped from captivity. M. atricapilla has a wide range, being found in China, Siam, and the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo.
Habits, &c. Breeds from June to September in swampy localities. The eggs measure about .63 by .43.