183. Lusciniola thoracica

183. SPOTTED BUSH-WARBLER.
LUSCINIOLA THORACICA.
Lusciniola, thoracica, (Blyth), J.A.S. Beng. xiv. p. 584 (1845) ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 121, pl. vi. fig 1 ; Pleske, Orn. Ross. ii. p. 416 ; (Oates), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 363 ; (Tacz.) F. O. Sib. O. p. 250 ; Salicaria. affinis, Hodgs, in Gray’s, Zool Misc. p. 82 (1844 desc. mell.) ; (David and Oust.) Ois. Chine, p. 247.
Male ad. (India). Upper parts, wings and tail olive-brown tinged with rufous ; lores and supercilium ashy white, sides of head and neck ashy- brown ; throat ashy brown spotted with black ; chin and abdomen white ; breast ashy ; flanks and under tail-coverts dull reddish brown the latter tipped with dull white ; bill dark brown the base of the lower mandible paler ; legs pale fleshy ; iris hazel. Culmen 0.5, wing 2.25, tail 2.5, tarsus 0.7 inch : first primary about half the length of the second which is equal to the 9th or 10th, 3rd, 4th, and 5th nearly equal and longest. In the winter the sides of the head and neck, the throat and breast are washed with ochreous and the spots on the throat are smaller. The young bird has the chin, throat, and abdomen dull yellowish tinged with green and the rest of the under parts dull ochreous brown and the throat is mottled or irregularly barred with brown.
Hab. Southern Siberia near Lake Baikal, north China, Kansu, Moupin, Nepal, Sikhim, and Kashmir.
Frequents dry localities, meadows, etc. where the vegetation is rich, and there are dense bushes, and also damp places. It is not shy and if disturbed will not fly far. Its song, which is generally uttered from a dead branch of a bush, is described as resembling the syllables trschi-trschi-trschi-trschi. It breeds early in July, and its nest, which is placed in the branches of a fallen tree covered with grass or in a heap of sticks is oven-shaped, constructed of dry grass and lined with the same but finer materials. The eggs 4 to 6 in number are white with a rose tinge, spotted and dotted with purplish ashy and purplish brown, the spots being more numerous round the larger end and in size average about 18.46 by 13.1 millimetres (0.72 by 0.51 inch).

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
183. Lusciniola thoracica
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
183
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
128
Common name: 
Spotted Bush Warbler
M_ID: 
23313
M_CN: 
Spotted Bush Warbler
M_SN: 
Locustella thoracica
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10851

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