193. SAVI’S WARBLER.
Locustella luscinioides (Savi), Nuov. Giorn. Letter, vii. p. 341 (1824) ; (Naumann), xiii. p. 475, Taf. 370, figs. 4, 5 ; (Hewitson), i. p. 115, pl. xxxi. fig. 2 ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 104 ; (id.) B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 77 ; Newton, i. p. 389 ; Dresser, ii. p. 627, pl. 93 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Brit. Mus. v. p. 112 ; Saunders, p. 91 ; (Lilford), iii. p. 46, pl. 23.
Fauvette des Saules, French ; Salciajola, Ital. ; Weidenrohr-sanger, German ; Nachtegaal-Rictzanger, Dutch ; Kamyschefka-solovjinaja, Russ. ; Brzeezka, Polish.
Male ad. (England). Upper parts wings and tail reddish brown with a faint olive tinge, the head rather darker and rump lighter ; tail with faint obsolete bars ; throat and centre of abdomen white, rest of the under parts pale rufescent buff, the flanks and under tail-coverts pale reddish brown ; bill brown, lower mandible paler ; legs pale brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.6, wing 2.7, tail 2.5, tarsus 0.9 inch ; first quill 0.15 less than the coverts, second longest, second and third quills much curved. The young bird has the upper parts greyer and the under parts whiter than the adult.
Hab. Great Britain and Europe from Spain to the Volga, and from Holland to the Mediterranean ; North-west Africa ; Asia as far east as Transcaspia and Turkestan wintering in Palestine and Northern Africa. Before the fens were drained it was not uncommon in England, but is now very rare.
A true marsh bird, this species is never found except in low damp places, densely covered with reeds, sedges, and low bushes, and is shy, keeping well concealed amongst the dense herbage, and reluctant to take wing. Its call-note is a low krr, and its song, which is uttered throughout the day, is a long smooth trill, pitched higher, but possessing more tone than that of the Grasshopper-Warbler. Its nest, which is placed low down amongst the sedges, is constructed of flag or sedge leaves, loosely and clumsily built, and the eggs, 4 or 5 in number, are deposited in May, and are dull white in colour closely dotted with bluish grey shell-markings and brownish surface-spots, and average in size about 0.78 by 0.61.
193. Locustella luscinioides
193. SAVI’S WARBLER.