(309) Lioparus chrysotis.
THE GOLDEN-BREASTED FULVETTA.
Proparus chrysotis (Hodgs.), Blyth, J. A.S. B., xiii, p. 938 (1884) (Sikkim).Lioparus chrysaeus. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 174
Vernacular names. Prong-samyer-pho (Lepcha).
Description. Forehead, crown, nape and lores soft blackish-ashy ; ear-coverts, cheeks and a ring round the eye silvery-white, the first streaked with ashy; back and scapulars ashy-olive; rump and upper tail-coverts olive-green; tail brown, the basal two-thirds of all the feathers margined with orange-yellow; wing-coverts black; wings dark brown, the first five primaries edged with orange-yellow; the outer secondaries all broadly margined with the same and tipped with white; the inner secondaries broadly margined with white on the inner webs ; chin and throat silvery-ashy-brown ; remainder of lower plumage bright orange-yellow.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown ; bill plumbeous, paler below; legs pale fleshy.
Measurements. Total length about 110 mm.; wing 50 to 54 mm.; tail about 50 mm.; tarsus about 23 mm.; culmen about 8 mm.
Distribution. Nepal, Sikkim and Assam in the higher ranges both North and South of the Brahmaputra, Manipur.
Nidification. Hodgson describes the nests as oval, measuring about 6" x 4.5", made almost entirely of bamboo leaves and grass and lined with grass and moss roots. Nests taken by H. Stevens in Nepal agree well with the above but are smaller and are very deep cups, not domed, densely lined with feathers. They were placed in clumps of bamboo as were Hodgson's. The eggs, three in number, are white, deeply tinged with pink before being blown, with blotches and spots of sienna-brown and pale neutral tint, principally disposed as a ring round the larger end. They measure about 17.4x 13.3 mm. Mr. Stevens's nests were taken on the 29th May and 3rd June at about 9,000 feet.
Habits. Stevens found them in pairs haunting shrubs in dense forest between 6,000 and 9,000 feet elevation.