87. Trochalopterum phoeniceum.
The Crimson-winged Laughing-Thrush.
Ianthocincla phoenicea, Gould, Icon. Av. pl. 3 (1837). Garrulax phoeniceus (Gould), Blyth, Cat. p. 97. Trochalopteron phceniceum (Gould), Horsf. 8; M. Cat. i, p. 210; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 48; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 105; Hume, N. & E. p. 262; id. Cat. no. 422 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 371; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 108; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 58. Tilji-pho, Lepch.; Repcha, Bhut.
Coloration. Lores, cheeks, ear-coverts, round the eye, and a patch on the side of the neck crimson; a short and somewhat irregular supercilium black; the whole upper plumage olive-brown, the feathers of the crown with partially concealed black margins; tail black, broadly tipped with orange, the outermost feathers suffused with orange throughout; wing-coverts olive-brown; primary-coverts dusky, edged with olive-brown; winglet suffused with crimson on the outer webs and the outermost coverts edged with the same; outer webs of primaries edged with crimson and yellowish, the former increasing and the latter diminishing in extent inwards ; secondaries with the middle portion of the outer webs edged with pale blue, the terminal portion with crimson, the bases suffused with olive-green; the whole lower plumage fulvous olive-brown, tinged with ashy on the abdomen; under tail-coverts black, broadly tipped with crimson.
Legs and feet brown with a purplish tinge ; bill blackish; iris crimson or brownish-maroon to lac-red; bare and orbital skin leaden-dusky (Hume).
Length about 9; tail 4 ; wing 3.2; tarsus 1.3: bill from gape .9.
Distribution. Nepal; Sikhim; Bhutan ; Khasi hills; hills ; Manipur. This species appears to range chiefly from 4000 to 6000 ft. of elevation.
Habits, &c. Breeds from April to June, constructing its nest of bamboo leaves and twigs, lined with fibres and moss, in dense undergrowth, and laying three eggs, which are blue marked with spots and lines of maroon and purple and measure 1.04 by .74.