Linota, flavirostris (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 322 (1766) ; Newton, ii. p. 160 ; Dresser, iv. p. 59, pl. 191 , (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 236 ; Saunders, p. 193 ; Lilford, iv. p. 66, pl. 32 ; Fring. montium, Gmel., Syst. Nat. i. p. 917 (1788) ; Naum., v. p. 103, pl. 122 ; Hewitson, i. p. 203, pl. li. fig. 3 ; (Gould), B. of Gt. Brit. iii. pl. 50.
Linotte a bee jaune, French ; Pajarel, Span. ; Montanello forestiero, Ital. ; Berghdnfling, German ; Fratertje, Dutch ; Bjergirisk, Dan. ; Gulnaeblet Irish, Norw. ; Gulnabbad-Hampling, Swed. ; Keltanokka varpunen, Finn.
Male ad. (Scotland). Crown, hind-neck, and upper parts dark hair-brown with lighter tawny brown margins ; rump rose-red ; wings and tail blackish brown, the primaries with white, the secondaries with tawny brown margins, the wing-coverts with ochreous tips ; the tail-feathers with white margins ; supercilium, sides of the face, throat, breast, and flanks tawny buff, the lower throat and breast streaked with blackish brown ; rest of the under parts dull white ; beak yellowish flesh ; legs dark brown ; iris hazel. Culmen 0.4, wing 2.95, tail 2.55, tarsus 0.65 inch. The female resembles the male but is paler and lacks the red on the rump. In the winter the light margins to the feathers are broader, the red on the lump of the male is confined to the middle of the feathers, and the bill is greyish yellow.
Hab. Northern Europe ; Great Britain ; on passage and in winter south to the Mediterranean.
In habits it resembles L. cannabina but frequents open locali¬ties, and not woods, and is as a rule shy and wild. Its call-note resembles that of the Linnet, but is less harsh, and its song is rather superior to that of the Redpoll. It feeds on insects and seeds of various kinds. Its nest is placed in a low bush or on the ground, and is constructed of fine twigs, bents, rootlets, and wool, lined with hair, fur, or wool. Its eggs, 4 to 6 in number, are usually deposited in May, and are pale blue, marked chiefly at the larger end with dark red, and measure about 0.68 by 0.52.
459. Linota flavirostsris