161. Limosa lapponica.
THE BAR-TAILED GODWIT.
Lapponica= of Lapland.
Male 13 1/2" to 14 3/4"; 7 1/2 to 10 oz. Female 15 3/4"; 9 to 11 1/3 oz. Legs black. Bill 3" to 3 1/2", pink and black.— In winter; Above earthy, and dark central shaft. Lower back and rump white, with heart-shaped brown spots. Upper tail-coverts white, with irregular brown bars. Mid-tail ashy, tipped white, and barred white and brown towards base. Outer rectrices barred throughout. Below white.
Axillaries white, with brown bars on inner web.— In summer: Crown black, edged rufous. Below pale red. Above black-brown, marbled grey. Tail barred white and brown throughout. Breeds in N. Europe and N.W. Asia, and migrates south in winter, but does not cross the equator. Accidental in Canary Islands. In India hitherto only found at Karachi (see illustration). Eggs (2.2 x 1.45) olive, spotted grey. (B. 1457. S.E. i. 295.)
Also X. novae zealandiae. Male 14 1/2". Female 16". From Alaska, Siberia, Japan, China, to Malay Archipelago, Oceania, Australia, and New Zealand.
L. hudsanica. 14". With axillaries slatish. From N and S. America.