1097. Macrorhamphus griseus

1097. Red-breasted Snipe.
Macrorhamphus griseus (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 658 (1788) ; Gould, B. of E. iv. p. 323 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 76 ; Dresser, viii. p. 187, pl. 571 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 394 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 951 ; Ridgway, p. 151 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 330 ; Saun¬ders, p. 621 ; Lilford, v. p. 71, pl. 29 ; Poynting, p. 123, pl. 27 ; M. noveboracensis (Gmel.), ut supra ; Wilson, Am. Orn. vii. p. 45, pl. 58, fig. 1 ; M. scolopaceus, Lawr. Ann. Lyc. New York, v. p. 4, pl. 1 (1852) ; Ridgway, p. 151.
Male ad. (N. America). Crown, nape, and upper parts varied black and rusty rufous ; rump and upper tail-coverts white, tinged with rufous and barred with black ; quills blackish, the short secondaries and larger wing- coverts dark grey, margined and tipped with white ; tail broadly barred with black, the middle feathers rusty ochreous, the rest white ; sides of head, throat, and under parts rusty red, paler on the lower abdomen ; sides of neck and upper flanks spotted, lower flanks and under tail-coverts barred with black ; under wing-coverts and axillaries white, barred with blackish grey ; bill blackish brown ; legs pale olivaceous ; iris brown. Culmen 2.35, wing 5.7, tail 2.45, tarsus 1.4 inch. Sexes alike. In winter the crown, nape, and upper parts are dull ashy grey, the back slightly marked with blackish ; lower back nearly white ; no trace of rufous in the plumage ; under parts white, the neck and breast clouded, and the flanks and under tail-coverts barred with ashy grey.
Hab. North America, breeding in the high north, wintering in Central and South America ; of rare occurrence in S. Green¬land ; Britain, frequently in France, and twice in Denmark ; the Chukchi Peninsula in N.E. Siberia, and has been twice obtained in Japan.
In habits it resembles the Sandpipers and Godwits, and has nothing in common with the Snipes except its bill. In winter and on passage it collects in flocks, and frequents marshy localities and mud-flats, feeding on worms and insects of various kinds. It breeds in Arctic America in June, the nest being a depression in the ground, usually in a grassy hummock in marshy places, the lining being merely a few dry leaves. The 4 eggs vary in ground-colour from clay-olive to greyish ochreous, and the markings, which are collected chiefly at the larger end, are dark umber-brown. In size they measure about 1.75 by 1.22.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1097. Macrorhamphus griseus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Red Breasted Snipe
Long-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus
Vol. 2

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