1059. Limicola flatyrhyncha

1059. Broad-billed Sandpiper.
LIMICOLA FLATYRHYNCHA.
Limicola platyrhyncha (Temm.), Man. d’Orn, p. 398 (1815) ; (Hewitson), ii. p. 359, pl. c. ; (Gould), B. of E. iv. p. 331 ; Dresser, viii. p. 3, pl. 545 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 612 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 279 ; Saunders, p. 577 ; Lilford, v. p. 74, pl. 30 ; Poynting, p. 127, pl. 28 ; L. pygmoea, Koch (nec. Lath.), Baier. Zool. p. 316 (1816) ; Naum. viii. p. 271, Taf. 207 ; Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 75.
Gambecchio frullino, Ital. ; Kleiner-Sumpflaufer, German; Brednoebet-Strandlober, Dan. ; Brednoebet Strandvibe, Norweg. ; Myrsnappa, Swed. ; Ucca-jaggiloddi, Lapp. ; Jankasirriainen, Finn.
Male ad. (Finland). Upper parts generally black with narrow greyish yellow or rufous yellowish margins to the feathers, the crown and nape darker ; a whitish line over the eye to the nape ; rump, upper tail-coverts, and middle elongated tail-feathers nearly all black, the lateral tail-feathers grey edged with white ; secondaries and wing-coverts narrowly edged with dull white ; under parts white, the neck, throat, and flanks spotted with blackish brown ; bill blackish and green ; legs yellowish grey, the toes and joints plumbeous grey ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.3, beak very broad, wing 4.1, tail 1.6, tarsus 0.88. Sexes alike. The adult in winter has the upper parts brownish ashy, the centre of the feathers darker ; rump feathers black with paler margins ; wings and tail paler than in summer ; under parts white, the throat marked with small blackish grey striations.
Hab. Northern Europe, chiefly in the eastern portions, breeding within the Arctic Circle, and migrating south in winter to Southern Europe and even North Africa ; a rare straggler to Britain ; Asia east to Western Siberia.
Differs from the Sandpipers chiefly in affecting at all seasons of the year fresh water and marshes and not the sea coast, and on passage it is not met with in large flocks. On the wing it behaves much like a Snipe, but when on the ground it skulks, unlike the Sandpipers. It is a rather silent bird, and I have never heard its note, which is described as too-who, rapidly repeated. Its food consists of insects of various kinds and larvae. It breeds in June in the large marshes of Dovrefjeld and in Lapland, but not west of the Lulea Valley nor in Finmark, in open soft places, the nest being a neatly rounded hollow, lined with a few grass-bents. The eggs, 4 in number, vary considerably ; the ground-colour is lighter or darker stone- buff, the shell-markings sparse and faint purplish grey, and the surface-markings dark umber-brown or umber-red, some eggs having these so profuse as to appear uniform coffee-red or dark coffee-brown ; in size they vary from 1.22 by 0.85 to 1.25 by 0.93.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1059. Limicola flatyrhyncha
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1059
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
764
Common name: 
Broad Billed Sandpiper
M_ID: 
4369
M_CN: 
Broad-billed Sandpiper
M_SN: 
Limicola falcinellus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10085

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