1479. Tringa platyrhyncha.
The Broad-billed Stint.
Tringa platyrincha, Temm. Man. d'Orn. p. 398 (1815). Limicola pygmaea, Koch, Baier. Zool. i, p. 316 (1816). Tringa platyrhyncha, Blyth, Cat. p. 269; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 692; Hume, S. F. i, p. 244; ii, p. 298; Blyth, Birds Burm. p. 156; Armstrong, S. B. iv, p. 343 ; Seebohm, Charadr. p. 433. Tringa pygmaea, Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 168. Limicola sibirica, Dresser, P. Z. S. 1876, p. 674 ; Hume, S. F. v, p. 344; id. Cat. no. 886 bis. Limicola platyrhyncha, Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 461; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 487 ; id. Cat. no. 886; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 896; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 387; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 356; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xxiv, p. 612.
Coloration in winter very similar to that of T. subarquata and T. alpina; as in the latter, the romp, upper tail-coverts, and middle tail-feathers are blackish brown ; the dark shaft-stripes on the upper plumage are broad and ill-defined, and there is not much white on the secondaries. The white supercilia do not meet across the forehead. The lower parts are white throughout, and only a few narrow dark streaks occur on the fore neck and upper breast.
In summer the upper parts are black, with narrow dull rufous or whitish fringes to the feathers; crown nearly all black or with a few buff spots towards each side ; tertiaries with narrow rufous borders ; middle pair of rectrices each with a rufous margin to the outer web; throat, fore neck, sides of neck, and upper breast tinged with rufescent and thickly spotted with dark brown.
Bill brown, tinged with olive; irides dark brown; legs olive-brown (Oates).
Length 7 ; tail 1.5 ; wing 4.1 ; tarsus .9 ; bill from gape 1.3.
Distribution. The breeding quarters of this Stint are in the north of Europe and Asia; but in winter it migrates to the shores of the Mediterranean and of Southern Asia. It is found on many parts of the Indian, Ceylonese, and Burmese coasts, but is locally distributed, the only places where it has been found to be common being Sind and Pegu, near the mouths of the Indus and the Irrawaddy. An Eastern race has been separated by Dresser as Limicola sibirica (P. Z. S. 1876, p. 674), on account of the feathers' of the crown and upper parts having broad rufous edges in summer ; but there is no difference in winter, and it appears doubtful whether the distinction is sufficient.
Habits, &c. The Broad-billed Stint appears to be even more restricted to the sea-coast and salt-water inlets and estuaries than other members of the genus. It is found in small parties, usually associating with other Stints, &c.