1115. Fringilauda nemoricola nemoricola

(1115) Fringilauda nemoricola nemoricola (Hodgs.).
Fringillauda nemoricola nemoricola, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 191.
The Nepal Mountain-Finch breeds at great elevations in Garhwal, Nepal and Sikkim. Possibly it may also breed in South Tibet, as one specimen was obtained by the Tibet Mission.
Whymper took many nests of this Mountain-Finch in Garhwal between 13,500 and 15,000 feet in July 1910, some of the eggs from which are now in my collection. The birds were breeding on the open hill-sides above the forest, though here and there in the grass were stunted Junipers and creeping Birch. Everywhere there were boulders and stones, but Whymper found all his nests “in holes in the ground, just like rat-holes.” The nests he describee as rather rough, untidily built shallow cups of grass lined with feathers and placed some way inside the holes and quite invisible from outside. He took four nests with eggs, three with four and one with five eggs on the 18th and 21st July.
Later on A. E. Osmaston also took nests in Garhwal about which he notes (Journ. Bomb, Nat. Hist. Soe, vol. xxviii, p. 152, 1923):— “This bird breeds in the tract of country lying North of Niti village on the borders of Tibet. They were seen here in the latter half of July and early in August frequenting the open grassy slopes between 13,000 and 14,000 feet elevation. On the 3rd August I found two nests at 13,500 feet elevation, one of which contained three, and the other four, freshly hatched young ones. The nests were placed within natural crevices which had formed below large stones, half buried in the ground surface on steep bare slopes. As the nests were some 6 inches from the entrance they were perfectly invisible from outside. They were shallow cups composed of dry grass-stems and lined with a few feathers.”
The eggs are exactly like those of the genus Montifringilla, white, broad ovals with a slightly glossy surface.
Eighteen eggs average 20.6 x 15.2 mm. : maxima 22.0 x 10.0 and 20.3 x 16.1 mm. ; minima 19.5 x 15.1 and 20.3 x 14.8 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1115. Fringilauda nemoricola nemoricola
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Nepal Mountain Finch
Leucosticte nemoricola nemoricola
Vol. 3

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