443. Fringalauda altaica

443. Altai GROUND-FINCH.
FRINGALAUDA ALTAICA.
Fringalauda altaica (Eversm.), Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. xxi. p. 223 (1848) ; Dresser, Ibis, 1893, p. 378 ; F. sordida, Stoliczka, J.A.S.B. xxxvii. pt. ii. p. 63 (1868) ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 266 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 248 ; Passer pulverulentus Severtz., Turk. Jevot. pp. 64, 116 (1873). ? Propasser murrayi Blyth, J.A.S.B. xxxii. p. 458 (1863).
Male ad. (Altai). Resembles F. nemoricola, but has the upper parts some¬what paler, the axillaries white, not yellow, and the tips of the median and larger wing-coverts narrower and tinged with rufous ; bill brown, the base of lower mandible, and a spot at base of forehead brownish fleshy ; legs blackish brown ; iris cinnabar red. Culmen 0.5, wing 3.92, tail, 2.75, tarsus 0.76 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Altai range, Turkestan, Afghanistan ; the Himalayas from Gilgit to Kumaon, occurring at altitudes of from 9,000 to 10,000 feet in summer and at about 5,000 feet in winter.
In habits it is said to agree closely with F. nemoricola.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
443. Fringalauda altaica
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
443
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
302
Common name: 
Altai Ground Finch
M_ID: 
30643
M_SN: 
Leucosticte nemoricola altaica
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
9963

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