(1116) Fringillauda nemoricola altaica.
Fringilla altaica Eversm., Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc, xxi, p. 223 (1848) (Altar). Fringillauda sordida. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 248.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Differs from Hodgson's Mountain-Finch in having the axillaries ashy and the wing-bases fulvous-rufous instead of white; the edges to the primary-coverts are white in both races.
Colours of soft parts. Iris cinnabar-red ; bill brown, a spot of brownish-fleshy at base of forehead between nostrils, base of lower mandible brownish-fleshy; legs, feet and claws blackish-brown (Hume).
Measurements. Total length about 170 mm.; wing 93 to 100 mm.; tail 62 to 66 mm.; tarsus about 19 to 20 mm.; culmen about 10 to 11 mm.
Distribution. Afghanistan, North-West Frontier, Kashmir, South to Kuman and North to Gilgit, Yarkand, Tian Schan Samarkand, Altai and Turkestan; East it extends through Ladakh to Eastern Tibet.
Nidification. Stoliczka's Mountain-Finch breeds over the greater part of Kashmir and Kuman in suitable localities at 9,000 feet and over during July and August. Nests and eggs are not distinguishable from those of Hodgson's Mountain-Finch. The small series of eggs in my collection average 20.7x 15.3 mm.: maxima 22.0 x 15.6 and 21.0 x 15.7 mm. ; minima 19.0 x 15.0 mm.
Habits. Similar to those of the preceding bird. In Summer it is found as high as 15,000 feet and occasionally as high as 17,000 feet. In Winter it descends as low as 4,000 feet, many birds, however, remaining between 9,000 and 12,000 feet.