802. Ardetta javanica

802. Little Green Heron.
Ardetta javanica (Horsf.), Trans, Linn. Soc. xiii. p. 190 (1821) ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 177 ; (David and Oust.), Ois. Chine, p. 142 ; (Blanf.), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv p. 395 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 986 ; (Seebohm), B. Jap. Emp. p. 224 ; B. var. amurensis, Schrenck, Reis. Amurl, i. p. 441 (1860) ; Sharpe, op. cit. xxvi. p. 181 ; B. spodiogaster ; Sharpe, Bull. B.O.C. iii. p. xvii. (1894) ; id. op. cit. xxvi. p. 182, pl. ii.
Kancha-bagla, Hindu.
Male ad. (India). Crown, nape, and elongated occipital plumes black glossed with green or purplish ; a short black stripe from the base of the bill below the eye ; rest of neck and elongated dorsal plumes ashy bluish grey ; quills and tail slate-blue, the former with narrow white margins ; wing-coverts glossy greenish margined with buffy white ; chin, throat, and a streak bordering the lower mandible, white ; under parts ashy grey, whiter in the middle of abdomen ; bill above black, below greenish yellow ; facial skin green ; iris yellow ; legs green, front of tarsus and toes dusky, soles orange. Culmen 2.8, wing 7.4, tail 2.8, tarsus 1.85 inch. Sexes alike. The young has the crown blackish brown with a few whitish stripes, the upper parts brown with buff spots, and the under parts white streaked with brown. In a series from various localities there is a conĀ¬siderable variation in measurements.
Hab. The greater part of the Indo-Malayan area, north to the Amoor ; Manchuria ; North China and Japan.
In habits it is chiefly nocturnal, though less so than some of its allies, and may sometimes be seen in the daytime in search of food in shady places, but as a rule it remains concealed during the day and seeks its food by night, feeding on fish, frogs, crabs, &c. In India it breeds from May to August, placing a small nest, constructed of sticks, on a tree, and deposits 3 to 5 pale sea-green eggs, which measure about 1.62 by 1.21.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
802. Ardetta javanica
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Little Green Heron
Lesser Adjutant
Leptoptilos javanicus
Vol. 2

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