900. Arachnechthra minima

900. Arachnechthra minima.

The Small Sun-bird.

Cinnyris minima, Sykes, P. Z. S. 1832, p. 99; Shelley, Mon. Nect. pp. xxvii, xxxiv, 143, pl. 46; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 572; Hume, Cat. no. 233; Gadow, Cat. B. M. ix, p. 62; Davison, S. F. x, p. 362; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 136. Nectarinia minima (Sykes), Blyth, Cat. p. 226. Leptocoma minima (Sykes), Horsf. M. Cat. ii, p. 742; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 369; Hume, N. & E. p. 150; Fairbank, S. F. iv, p. 256; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 392. Arachnechthra minima (Sykes), Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 263.

The Tiny Honey-sucker, Jerd.

Coloration. Male. Forehead and crown metallic green; back and scapulars deep crimson ; rump and upper tail-coverts metallic red, glossed with lilac; tail black; lesser and median wing-coverts black, tipped with crimson ; remaining coverts and quills dull black; sides of the head dull black; chin and throat metallic lilac; sides of neck and the upper breast crimson, followed by a band of black; remainder of lower plumage yellow; axillaries and under wing-coverts pale yellowish white.

Female. Upper plumage and sides of the head and neck olive-green ; rump and upper tail-coverts dull red; tail dark brown, edged with rufous; whole lower plumage yellow; wings brown, each feather edged with olive-green.

Bill, legs, and feet black; iris dark brown (Davison).

Length 3.5 to 4; tail 1.3; wing 1.9; tarsus .6; bill from gape .6.

Distribution. The Western Ghats of India from about the latitude of Bombay down to Cape Comorin ; Ceylon. This species is found up to 6000 feet.

Habits, &c. Breeds in the Nilgiris in September and October, making a nest of the usual type, and laying two eggs, which are dull white marked with grey and brown, and measure about .62 by .42.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
900. Arachnechthra minima
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Small Sun Bird
Crimson-backed Sunbird
Leptocoma minima
Vol. 2
Term name: 

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith