1147. Larus fuscus

1147. LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL.
LARUS FUSCUS.
Larus fuscus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 225 (1766) ; Naum. x. p. 419, Taf. 267 ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl. 431 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 56 ; Dresser, viii. p. 421, pl. 603 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 250 ; id. Manual, p. 675 ; Ridgway, p. 28 ; Lilford, vi. p. 55, pl. 24.
Goeland a pieds jaunes, French ; Alcatraz, Portug. ; Zafferano, Ital. ; Heringsmowe, German ; Kleine Mantelmeeuw, Dutch ; Silde-maage, Dan. and Norweg. ; Sillmase, Swed. ; Selkalokki, Finn ; Syeldieloff, Russ.
Male ad. (Sweden). Head, neck, tail, and under parts white ; back and wings black, the former faintly washed with slate ; first primary with a white bar near the tip, the rest narrowly, the secondaries broadly tipped with white ; hill light yellow, the lower mandible with a bright red patch towards the tip ; iris straw-yellow ; edge of eyelids vermilion ; legs and feet yellow. Culmen 2.4, wing 15.7, tail 6.0. tarsus 2.1 inch.
Hab. Northern Europe, as far north in Sweden ass Haparanda, and in Norway as the Russian frontier, east to the Dvina, west to the Faeroes and Great Britain, south to the Mediterranean ; wintering in the Canaries, Madeira, Africa south to Senegambia and Nubia ; rare in the North Caspian ; the Persian Gulf in winter.
In habits it does not differ from its allies. It is chiefly found on the sea coasts, and feeds on small fish, crustacea, land and marine mollusca, worms, &c. Its cry is loud, mellow, and plain-tive, and it also utters a cackling or laughing cry. It breeds on cliffs, in some parts on islands in lakes, and in marshes, con¬structing a rather bulky nest of grass, moss, &c., and early in May deposits 2 to 3, usually 3, eggs, which in ground-colour vary from light greenish blue to pale olivaceous brown, and are spotted and blotched with violet-grey underlying shell-markings and dark brown surface blotches, in size they measure about 2.75 by 1.96.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1147. Larus fuscus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1147
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
834
Common name: 
Lesser Black Backed Gull
M_ID: 
4568
M_CN: 
Lesser Black-backed Gull
M_SN: 
Larus fuscus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10482

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