1140. Larus canus

1140. Common Gull.
LARUS CANUS.
Larus canus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 224 (1766) ; Naum. x. p. 301, Taf, 261 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 495, pl. cxxxviii. ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl. 437 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 60 ; Dresser, viii. p. 381, pl. 600 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 517 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 293 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus, xxv. p. 277 ; id. Manual, p. 671 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1033 ; Ridgway, p. 33 ; Lilford, vi. p. 49, pl. 22 ; L. niveus, Pall. (nec. Bodd.), Zoog. Ross. As. ii. p. 320, Tab. 61 (1811) ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1034.
Goeland cendre, French ; Gavinote, Span. ; Gavina, Ital. ; Sturm- mowe, German ; Kleine Zeemeeuw, Dutch ; Stormaage, Dan. ; Fiskemaage, Norweg. ; Fiskmase, Swed. ; Kalalokki, Finn. ; Sisaja-Tschaika, Klusha, Russ.
Male ad. (Sweden). Head, neck, tail-coverts, tail, and entire under parts pure white ; mantle delicate, light French-grey ; 1st primary black, with a broad white bar close to the tip, the 2nd with a smaller bar, the 3rd with merely a white spot near the tip ; inner primaries French-grey with black bars and white tips ; secondaries with broad white tips ; bill greenish yellow ; legs greenish grey ; iris golden brown, in very old birds greyish white ; orbital ring vermilion Culmen 1.8, wing 14.0, tail 5.5, tarsus 1.85 inch. In winter the head and nape are streaked with dull brown.
Hab. Europe generally, north to about 53° N. lat. and of rare occurrence in Iceland ; wintering in the Mediterranean and the Nile valley ; Eastern Asia, north to Kamchatka ; Japan, Corea, and China ; wintering in the Persian Gulf ; has once occurred in Labrador.
In general habits it resembles its allies, and is not found only on the sea but tolerably far inland, where it feeds on the worms turned up by the plough, its food consisting of small fish, sand-eels, mollusca, and small crustacea, worms, and insects. Its flight is light and buoyant, and its cry is shrill and somewhat harsh. It breeds both on the coast and on inland lakes, making a nest of seaweed, grass, &c., and in May deposits 2 or 3, usually 3, eggs, which are brownish olive, marked with dull purplish brown shell blotches and dark brown surface spots and blotches, in size measuring about 2.29 by 1.63.
In North America the present species is replaced by a slightly smaller species, L. brachyrhynchus, Richardson, which has once been obtained in the Kurile Islands.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1140. Larus canus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1140
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
829
Common name: 
Common Gull
M_ID: 
4525
M_CN: 
Mew Gull
M_SN: 
Larus canus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10165

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith