1145. Larus cachinnans

1145. Subsp. Larus cachinnans.
Larus cachinnans, Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. ii. p. 318 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 266 ; id. Manual, p. 674 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1030 ; L. leucophoeus, Licht. Nomencl. Av. p. 99 (1854) : Dresser, viii. p. 411, pl. 602. fig. 2 ; L. michahellesii, Bruch, J. f. O. 1855, p. 282.
Gabbiano reale, Ital. ; Chochotunja, Russ.
Male ad. (Algiers). Differs from L. argentatus in having the mantle darker, the ring round the eye and gape orange-red, the bill brighter coloured, and the legs and feet gamboge-yellow. Culmen 3.1 wing 18.5, tail 7.7, tarsus 2.85 inch.
Hab. Southern Europe, in the west north to the Gulf of Gascony, in the east to the Dvina ; the entire Mediterranean basin ; Africa, in the west south to Angola, in the east to Khartoum ; Madeira, the Canaries, and Azores ; the Black Sea, Caspian, and Aral, eastward to Dauria ; wintering in Northern India and on the coasts of Baluchistan and Sind ; has once occurred in England.
In habits this Gull does not differ from L. argentatus, and its note is a similar ha-ha-ha. Nor does it differ in nidification, and its eggs are similar.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1145. Larus cachinnans
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1145
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
833
M_ID: 
4562
M_CN: 
Caspian Gull
M_SN: 
Larus cachinnans
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10998

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