Family LARIDAE

Family LARIDAE.

GULLS, TERNS, and SKIMMERS.

Bill without a cere. Hind toe generally present. Toes partially or fully webbed. Claws moderately curved, not sharp. Breast-bone with two notches on each side of posterior margin. Plumage grey and white or black and brown.

The family Laridae may be divided into three classes, viz.—

(i.) With three toes united as far as the claws. Rissa, the Kittiwake. Wings long. Remiges thirty-one. Tail not wedge-shaped.

(ii.) With four toes {three united, one webbed to tarsus). Pagophila, the Ivory Gull. Wings long. Bill decurved.

(iii.) With four toes (three united as far as the claws, hind toe free). Bill neither lamellate nor toothed, and without a nail. Fourth toe rudimentary. Larus. Tail square.

Rhodostethea. Breast white and rose. Tail wedge-shaped. Hydrochelidon. Bill as long as head. Tail slightly forked. Legs short. Webs incised.

Sterna. Bill longer than head. Tail forked. Anous. Whole body blackish brown. Tail graduated. Xema, Bill shorter than head. Tail forked. Legs long. Stercorarius. Bill strong, cutting, compressed, and with a cere. Remiges-twenty-six or twenty-eight. Tail rounded.

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
Family LARIDAE
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
210
M_ID: 
4427
M_SN: 
Laridae
Volume: 
4th ed.
Term name: 
id: 
13027

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