Lanius vittatus, Valenc.
260. :- Lanius hardwickii, Vigors. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 405; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 463; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 392; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 121; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis; 1885, p. 65.
THE BAY-BACKED SHRIKE.
Length, 7.25 to 8 ; expanse, 10 ; wing, 3.25; tail, 3.25 to 4 ; tarsus, 0.7 to 0.8 ; bill at front, 0.5.
Bill black; irides hazel-brown; legs black. The whole forehead, with eye-stripe, continued to the nape, black; top of the head white; back of head, nape and the lower part of the back, whitish-grey, paler and almost white on the upper tail-coverts ; middle of the back and scapulars deep chesnut or bay; wings and tail black, the former with a wing-spot on the primaries, and the latter with the two outermost tail-feathers on each side and base, and tips of the others (except the four central) white ; body beneath, white, tinged with fulvescent on the breast, and the sides of the abdomen dark ferruginous.
The female sometimes wants' the black forehead, and stripe over the, eyes.
The Bay-backed Shrike is generally spread throughout the district, frequenting low thorny jungle, groves of young babool trees, gardens, hedges, &c.
It is a permanent resident, breeding from April to September, but June and July are the months in which most nests are to be found ; they. are generally built in forks of small trees, and are firm, compact, deep, well-woven cups, composed of fine twigs, grass roots, wool, rags, &c.
The eggs, four in number, are miniatures of the preceding, but the markings are perhaps paler.
They measure 0.82 inches in length by 0.36 in breadth.